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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Sacroiliac Joint

If you experience pain or discomfort in your lower back, hips, or thighs, you may be suffering from sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SI joint pain). The sacroiliac joint is located in the pelvis and connects the sacrum to the ilium. When this joint is inflamed or injured, it can lead to discomfort and pain that can affect your mobility and quality of life. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for sacroiliac joint dysfunction.

Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be caused by several factors, including:

  1. Trauma: A fall or a car accident can cause an injury to the SI joint.
  2. Pregnancy: During pregnancy, the body produces hormones that loosen ligaments and joints, which can lead to SI joint pain.
  3. Arthritis: Degenerative arthritis can cause inflammation and pain in the sacroiliac joint.
  4. Infection: In rare cases, an infection can affect the sacroiliac joint and cause pain and inflammation.

Symptoms of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

The symptoms of sacroiliac joint dysfunction can vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include:

  1. Pain in the lower back, hips, or thighs
  2. Stiffness or a burning sensation in the lower back
  3. Difficulty standing up or sitting down
  4. Pain while walking or climbing stairs
  5. Numbness or tingling in the legs

Treatment Options for Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

The treatment options for sacroiliac joint dysfunction depend on the severity of the pain and the underlying cause. Here are some of the most common treatment options:

  1. Physical therapy: Exercises and stretches can help relieve pain and improve mobility.
  2. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or prescription medication can help manage pain and inflammation.
  3. Injection therapy: Steroid injections or joint injections can help reduce inflammation and pain.
  4. Radiofrequency ablation: This procedure uses radiofrequency waves to interrupt the pain signals sent by the SI joint.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the SI joint.


Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be a painful and debilitating condition that can affect your daily life. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is important to seek medical attention. At Peak Spine & Sports Medicine, we offer a variety of treatment options for sacroiliac joint dysfunction, including injection therapy and physical therapy. Our goal is to help you find relief from your pain and improve your quality of life.


  1. "Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction." Healthline, 2022,
  2. "Sacroiliac Joint Pain: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention." WebMD, 2022,

"Sacroiliac Joint Pain." Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2022,

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